Goals & Mission


Our mission is to develop science, technology, and human resources at the interface between robotics, biological systems, and medicine.

Our goal is to produce useful, innovative research and technology as well as trained researchers fluent in both science, engineering, biological systems, and robotics.



Principal Investigator / Lab Director : Jacob Rosen



Research




Wearable Robotics - Exoskeletons

Robotic systems that are worn by the human operator as an orthotic devices and used as a human-amplifier, assistive device, haptic device, or for automatic physiotherapy and rehabilitation.

Upper Limb Exoskeleton
Lower Limb Exoskeleton
Muscle Modeling
Kinematics & Dynamics of the Upper Limb




Surgical Robotics

Robotic devices enabling the surgeon to learn and perform minimally invasive and open surgery safely and effectively.

Surgical Robotics - Design, Development & Integration
Telesurgery / Teleoperation
Soft Tissue Biomechanics and Tissue Damage
Surgical Task Decomposition
Objective Assesment of Surgical Skills




Multidimensional Topics


A cluster of research and educational efforts  in Bioengineering, and Biomedical Engineering with a special focus on the human machine interface. 

Haptics
Central Venous Catheter - Training Program
Virtual Reality - Gaming
Orthopedic Implants
Hidden Markov Model Toolbox for Matlab

   


Bionics - Definition


Wikipedia
Bionics
(also known as biomimetics, biognosis, biomimicry, or bionical creativity engineering) is the application of biological methods and systems found in nature to the study and design of engineering systems and modern technology. The word "bionic" was coined by Jack E. Steele in 1958, possibly originating from the Greek word "βίον", pronounced "bion", meaning "unit of life" and the suffix -ic, meaning "like" or "in the manner of", hence "like life". Some dictionaries, however, explain the word as being formed from "biology" + "electronics".

Marriam-Webster
bi·on·ics, Pronunciation:\bī-ä-niks\; Function: noun plural but singular or plural in construction; Etymology: 2bi- + -onics (as in electronics), Date: 1960; Definition : a science concerned with the application of data about the functioning of biological systems to the solution of engineering problems.

 


 

News

 

Ender's Game - Raven II

The surgical robot Raven II - a robot that was developed as a colaborative effort by UCSC and UW was featured in 'Ender's Game' movie - (58min).




Surgical robot built at UCSC featured in 'Ender's Game' movie - UCSC Press Release
UCSC robot stars in blockbuster Ender's Game - Santa Cruz SentinelMeet the real-life robo-surgeon who fixes brains in 'Ender's Game - NBC News
UW surgical robot featured in 2013 movie ‘Ender’s Game’ - UW Press Release



 

Meet your next surgeon: Dr. Robot - Fortune Magazine
Jan. 15, 2013


"... The Raven was developed out of robotics labs at the University of Washington and the University of California at Santa Cruz by two engineering professors who initially sought to understand the "language of surgery" by tracking physicians' movements. When the pair were unable to gain access to Intuitive's data, they set out to build their own machine. The result is smaller than a da Vinci -- it can fit on an office desk ..."

Article PDF

 

Undergraduate Researcher Profile: Ariel Anders

What project and lab/research group did you work with?
I worked in the Bionics Lab under Professor Jacob Rosen on Dental Robotics.  I used the Denso VM60B1G and implemented autonomous dental implants and crowning preparation surgeries on dental models.  My work was done in hardware, software, and sometimes I even got to develop custom parts using a laser cutter.  
 
What was the lab or research group’s culture like?
The Bionics Lab had about 6 graduate students and one post-doc and a handful of undergraduate students.  Most people were working collaboratively on the upper-limb exoskeleton, the surgical robot, and most recently, the motion capture system.  We had an open and easy-going environment where people could freely discuss their research challenges and every now and then a couple of jokes too.  The group was very outdoorsy with lots of mountain bikers and some of the guys would go running in the woods every day.  I miss it.
 
Describe a typical day for you in the lab.
There rarely was a typical day in the lab!  My project was very versatile, so for one week I might be working on a similar topic and the next couple of weeks I would work on something completely different.  Typically, Professor Rosen and I had weekly meetings at the beginning of the week where we would set up what my goals were for that week.  The next week, we would evaluate how those goals were accomplished and set new ones or change the existing ones.  If I stumbled into a challenge during the week, Rosen had an open door policy and I could meet with him earlier and discuss different strategies.

 

 

 

Redundancy in Robot Manipulators and Multi-robot systems
Dejan Milutinovic, Jacob Rosen (Editors)

Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, Vol. 57
Publisher: Springer; 1st Edition. (2013)
Hardcover: 241 pages
Language: English
ISBN: 978-3-642-33970-7



Publisher Web Site

The trend in the evolution of robotic systems is that the number of degrees of freedom increases. This is visible both in robot manipulator design and in the shift of focus from single to multi-robot systems. Following the principles of evolution in nature, one may infer that adding degrees of freedom to robot systems design is beneficial. However, since nature did not select snake-like bodies for all creatures, it is reasonable to expect the presence of a certain selection pressure on the number of degrees of freedom. Thus, understanding costs and benefits of multiple degrees of freedom, especially those that create redundancy, is a fundamental problem in the field of robotics.

This volume is mostly based on the works presented at the workshop on Redundancy in Robot Manipulators and Multi-Robot Systems at the IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems - IROS 2011. The workshopwas envisioned as a dialog between researchers from two separate, but obviously relatedfields of robotics: one that deals with systems having multiple degrees of freedom, including redundant robot manipulators, and the other that deals with multirobot systems. The volume consists of twelve chapters, each representing one of the two fields.

UCSC 2012 State of the Campus
Chancellor George Blumenthal

"...

Here are five recent examples of UCSC's global reach.

we developed advanced robotic surgery systems for medical research. Here's what I particularly love: Computer Engineering Professor Jacob Rosen developed this technology--with the help of undergraduates--and even though he and a collaborator at the University of Washington spent more than a decade working on this, he gave away the results to competing labs, because a common research platform means the whole field will be able to advance more quickly.

..."

 


 



Next Generation Exoskeletons - Printed Article [PDF]

Leslie Mertz
IEEE Pulse July August 2012
Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society



University of California - Research Profile - Jacob Rosen - Engineering - Santa Cruz

University of California Research
July 1, 2012


A Robot's Touch - Science Note
Sara Keller - UCSC - Science Communication Program
July 1, 2012

 

 

Health Care Hero - Silicon Valley Business Journal, May 2012
Research Category: Jacob Rosen Ph.D.



UCSC Press Release

Silicon Valley Business Journal -
Health Care Heroes award winners named


Silicon Valley Business Journal - Printed Article [PDF]


My short speech at the ceremony

"...

I share this honor with three individuals and one institute who made it all possible.

The first individual is Prof. Mircea Arcan, my Ph.D. advisor who is no longer with us. He inherited me the mantra of directing research toward improving the quality of life of people. “You do not have to help humanity”, he once said “just make sure that the outcome of your research will help at least a single person”. As a result I devoted my research career to application of robotics in medicine.

The second individual is Prof. Blake Hannaford, my post-doc advisor, my mentor, and later on my colleague and friend. He taught me to dream – dream day and night, all day everyday – dream big, dream wild. At first I used to smile hiding my lough. However when I realized that his dreams are coming through, I started to dream too – bigger and wilder dreams and I will keep doing it for the rest of my life.

The Third individual is Prof. Mika Sinanan – a surgeon in his heart and soul, my clinical mentor, my savior. He taught me a lesson about the ultimate dedication, devotion, and hard work. He would show up to our weekly meeting and his pager will buzz. Following a short conversation over the phone he used to say: “You are very dear to me, but my patient is lying on the operating room table and I need to save his life – you will need to excuse me”. I started to work harder with full devotion and dedication while trying to harness all of my engineering skills and put in his hands tools that would make him a better surgeon who may deliver a superior care for his patients.

And the last but not least, the University of California at Santa Cruz, an institution which embraced me into a collegial academic environment that allows me to dream wild, work hard, and affect people's life.

..."



RAVEN II - Open Source Surgical Robotic System
UCSC Press Release - Jan. 12, 2012
The Economist - Surgical Robot - The kindness of strangers - Jan. 18, 2012
CNET - Paging Raven II, The Open Source Surgery Robot - Jan. 20, 2012

 

 

Surgical Robotics
Systems, Applications, and Visions
Jacob Rosen, Blake Hannaford, Richard M. Satava (Editors)

Publisher: Springer; 1st Edition. (November 1, 2010)
Hardcover: 889 pages
Language: English
ISBN-10: 1441911251
ISBN-13: 978-1441911254



Book Web Page
Publisher Web Site

Surgical robotics is a rapidly evolving field. With roots in academic research, surgical robotic systems are now clinically used across a wide spectrum of surgical procedures. Surgical Robotics: Systems Applications and Visions provides a comprehensive view of the field both from the research and clinical perspectives. This volume takes a look at surgical robotics from four different perspectives, addressing vision, systems, engineering development and clinical a pplications of these technologies.

The book also:

• Discusses specific surgical applications of robotics that have already been deployed in operating rooms

• Covers specific engineering breakthroughs that have occurred in surgical robotics

• Details surgical robotic applications in specific disciplines of surgery including orthopedics, urology, cardiac surgery, neurosurgery, ophthalmology, pediatric surgery and general surgery

Surgical Robotics: Systems Applications and Visions is an ideal volume for researchers and engineers working in biomedical engineering.

 

Armada International
The Incredible Hulks
Thomas Withington
pp. 31-35, Issue 5, Nov/Dec 2010

Article PDF
Online Journal


The Caterpillar P-5000 Power Loader was designed to handle cargo and perform heavy maintenance. In the 1970s, it represented a fine example of the powered exoskeleton, namely a machine which could be worn by a human being as a frame incorporating lumbar support with powered arms, hands, legs
and feet to dramatically increase his natural strength, enabling him to effortlessly lift loads weighing up to four tonnes. However, the only drawback of the P-5000 was that it was not for sale but rather to be the star of James Cameron's 1986 Aliens science-fiction masterpiece.

Several academic insNtutions are performing important research
into powered exoskeletons. One such proiect is being pursued by
the Universily of California's Baskin School of Engineering, which
has developed a set of protolype exoskeleton arms.

 

Mechanized Medicine
The Intersecting Roles of Human Doctors and Medical Robotics
Singapore Sessions

Wired Magazine Jan. 2011

Article PDF
Online Link (PDF)

Online Link (HTML)


Already hard at work in hospitals around the world, medical
robots are enabling surgeons to perform complex operations
with much success. Infact, these surgical robots equip doctors
with extraordinary precision, providing heightened visual aid,
controlled micro-movements in and around sensitive tissue
structures, and minimally invasive entry points. This r educes
the risk of inf ection and healing time f or patients, translating
to less post-op care-associated costs for providers.
Other robots allow clinicians to work remotely, or enable
supervision and outreach into distant or rural areas, or help
provide basic home care tasks.

Poised to take the next leap, robotics are climbing a
continuum of safer surgeries, earlier interventions, better
patient outcomes, reduced costs, and global access to health
care. And while we are far from a Jetsons-esque culture of
carefree automation, in some ways the adv ent of widespread
medical robotics is finally answering the promise of
technology to improve the quality of human life.


Upper Limb Exoskeleton - Stroke
Produce by Susan L. Young Ph.D.
June 21, 2011 | Length: 00:04:58
High Definition Video

Robots to aid stroke patients with physical therapy - Smart Plant
Aug 31, 2010 | Length: 00:02:59


Masters Of Innovation: Biological Frontiers
Jan 19, 2011 | Bionics Lab Segment 5:41-10:10 | Length: 00:04:29

 

 

Raven 2 - A Robo-Surgeon That Does the Work of Two Doctors
Popular Science Magazine

Online article
Online article - Gallery: Rise of The Helpful Machines (Image 8 of 10)

Page Image (JPG)
Page Image (PDF)


August, 2010

 

Getting Your Robot On: Wearable Machines’ Intimate Interface
CITRIS Newsletter, August 2009

Turbo Power Physical Therapy
The future of Medicine
Popular Science Magazine

Online article

Page Image (JPG)
Page Image (PDF)

July, 2009


This is UC Santa Cruz
Featuring Raven - Surgical Robot and the Lower Limb Exoskeleton

 


Robotics Trends - Medical Robotics Expert Explores the Human-Machine Interface
April 27, 2009

Prototype of exoskeleton arms may help stroke patients -
Science Today at The University of California
March 16, 2009

Baskin Engineering medical robotics expert explores the human-machine interface -
UCSC Press Release
January 13, 2009

Baskin Engineering medical robotics expert explores the human-machine interface -
Story By Tim Stephens (UCSC)

January 13, 2009

UC Santa Cruz engineers build robotic arms to aid physical therapists-
Santa Cruz Sentinel

January 18, 2009

Biongbiong - Robotic exoskeleton for arms
January 13, 2009

MedGadget - Research Into Smart Therapeutic Exoskeleton
January 13, 2009


Top technology of 2008 - Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
January 15, 2008

More News


Dept. of Computer Engineering

Robotics & Control at UCSC


Gabriel Hugh Elkaim - Autonomous Systems Lab (Computer Engineering)

William Dunbar - Dynamics and Control of Biomolecules (Computer Engineering)

Donald Wiberg (Computer Engineering / Electrical Engineering)

Qi Gong (Applied Mathematics and Statistics)

Dejan Milutinović (Applied Mathematics and Statistics)





PDF (Press Quality) | Image Page 1 | Image Page 2

Gabriel Elkaim, Jacob Rosen, William Dunbar (from left to right)

Assistive Technology at UCSC


Sri Kurniawan - Assistive Technology Lab (Computer Engineering)

Roberto Manduchi - Assistive Technology Lab (Computer Engineering)



The Mission of the University of California


"The distinctive mission of the University is to serve society as a center of higher learning, providing long-term societal benefits through transmitting advanced knowledge, discovering new knowledge, and functioning as an active working repository of organized knowledge. That obligation, more specifically, includes undergraduate education, graduate and professional education, research, and other kinds of public service, which are shaped and bounded by the central pervasive mission of discovering and advancing knowledge."

— From the University of California Academic Plan, 1974-1978